Are their jobs for college graduates in sustainable agriculture?

gradOne of my most popular blogs was “Sustainable agriculture jobs after college”  in which I reflected on the process of getting work after graduating college. ”  In this next essay, I share a few thoughts about the jobs situation in sustainable agriculture.  My conclusion is that while there is much work that needs to be done, well-paying, meaningful lifetime “career” jobs that offer a sense of security are hard to find.  At the same time, many mid-career folks  who have security are finding their work unfulfilling.

It may be that getting hired for a lifetime job is an unrealistic expectation in our emerging “on-demand” economy.  And while that realization may feel disheartening, it might also be an opportunity!  Right now, might be the time for people to pursue their vision for a more just and equitable food system, while creating good work driven by passion and grounded in pragmatism.  This might just be the time for more food and farming entrepreneurs to lead us toward a sustainable food system.

A national news story about Sustainable Food Jobs for example, provides an outline of the many emerging opportunities in this area.  Among the areas highlighted were:

  • Local and regional farming and marketing
  • Restaurants and food services
  • Media and marketing
  • Law and public policy
  • Public health and nutrition
  • Technology and entrepreneurship
  • Advocacy and community development
  • Teaching – especially community-based education

Many of the students who have graduated from the UMass Bachelor of Sciences program in Sustainable Food and Farming and are doing well have created their own new work, rather than “landed a job” in the traditional sense.  I encourage graduating seniors to search the job boards online, but mostly as a way of creating a vision or coming up with a new idea for a business or service that nobody has ever thought of before!

Check this resource page for links to jobs and internships!

A brainstorming session in one of my classes came up with a serious, lighthearted, earnest, and ingenious list of future jobs that included; permaculture consultants, rickshaw drivers, herbal landscapers, wood mill operators, biodiesel processors, vermiculturists, urban rooftop gardeners, microlenders, witch doctors, AAA bicycle workers, compost toilet janitors, alternate transport specialists, population controllers, seed bank managers, urban wildcrafters…

We try to be honest with students when they first arrive at UMass to study Sustainable Food and Farming.  In our Intro to the SFF Major class, we explore potential internships and employment opportunities together.  But frankly it doesn’t “get real” until the students get closer to graduation and are taking our course, Professional Development in Sustainable Food and Farming (STOCKSCH 382).

Our graduates are doing well for the most part. Those without debt have more flexibility to explore creative options and many land in some really interesting situations.  But still I worry.  Our B.S. major in Sustainable Food and Farming at UMass has grown from just 10 students in 2004 to over 100 today.   We have expanded our number of classes and created many new experiential learning opportunities to accommodate the growing demand for a practical college degree in sustainable food and farming systems.  And our fully online 15 credit Certificateand our Associate of Science and Bachelor of Science degrees are the largest online sustainable agriculture programs in the nation.  With no end in site however, I have to wonder where will all of these college graduates work?  And what kind of work will they do?

A report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture suggests a bright outlook for agricultural graduates. The report concludes that “projected growth in these occupations is in tune with our nation’s shift toward creating new businesses and jobs in local and regional food systems, capitalizing on climate change opportunities, developing renewable energy, and restoring and sustaining natural resources.”   Many of the projected agricultural jobs will be in new business start-ups.  This is surely our experience in New England where the number of farms is increasing.

The new farms are often small, engaged in direct to consumer sales, include both crops and livestock, and may be more likely to be managed by women than in the past.  We are seeing lots of successful start-up farms.   However, it is not only new farms that are appearing on the landscape in New England, but also creative new businesses that help move products from the farm to the customer.  One of the emerging jobs that didn’t exist just a few years ago is called a “value chain coordinator” – a function that “connects the dots” in the food system to ensure people, goods and resources connect with each other.  This is an important function that is often missing among start-up farms and markets.

Credit Michael Appleton for The New York Times

Nevertheless, the realty of the business world is that most start-ups don’t make it.    This is just as true in farming as in other new businesses.  But in the food business, new farmers have to compete with the industrial food system, which exploits people and the environment to maximize short term profitability.  This truth led a local shellfish farmer in Connecticut, to write the N.Y. Times editorial “Don’t let your children grow up to be farmers.

While this editorial may partially reflect the current reality, if we look closely at the industrial food system, we see the beginnings of “the great unraveling” of globalization in which the control of corporate monopolies are causing more harm than good.  While retail food prices have never been lower (the average American family spends less than 10% of their income on food) access to high quality, fresh and sustainably produced food is limited to those in higher income brackets.  The global food system drives down both food prices and drives up diabetes, heart disease and obesity while accelerating environmental degradation and social inequalities.  We can surely do better!

The solution to the Great Unraveling is the Great Turning, which relies upon:

  1. A commitment to personal and community actions which slow down and begin to reverse the damage to the earth including humans.
  2. An understanding of the structural causes of the the crisis and the creation of alternative enterprises, organizations and governments.
  3. A dramatic shift in consciousness to acknowledge that humans are a part of…. not apart from the ecosystems upon which we depend for life.

main_logoWhile seemingly difficult to imagine, this is what students learn in the Stockbridge School of Agriculture class, Agricultural Systems Thinking.   It is also the foundation for the work of Food Solutions New England, which promotes a vision that calls for our region to build the capacity to produce at least 50% of clean, fair, just and accessible food for all New Englanders by 2060.

famI believe that we need lots more experiments in farming, marketing and supporting businesses.  I’m not alone in this belief.  Richard Heinberg’s presentation, “Fifty Million Farmers,” predicts the need for 40 to 50 million new farmers and gardeners to help the U.S. adjust to radical climate change and depletion of easily accessible fossil fuel.  Sharon Astyk’s book, A Nation of Farmers, presents a similar look at the future of American agriculture.  I believe they are on to something, but I don’t know if the opportunities are opening up as fast as needed to help our graduates find meaningful work today.

So, what do we tell agricultural graduates?  One thing for sure is “the future will be different than the past.”  Almost everyone understands that we are in such a state of rapid and unprecedented change, that we cannot predict the future based on previous trends.  I’ve begun to wonder if farmers and food marketers will learn to change to meet the “on-demand economy” that is emerging in some businesses today.  A recent article in The Economist states…

“IN THE early 20th century Henry Ford combined moving assembly lines with mass labor to make building cars much cheaper and quicker—thus turning the automobile from a rich man’s toy into transport for the masses. Today a growing group of entrepreneurs is striving to do the same to services, bringing together computer power with freelance workers to supply luxuries that were once reserved for the wealthy. Uber provides chauffeurs. Handy supplies cleaners. SpoonRocket delivers restaurant meals to your door. Instacart keeps your fridge stocked. 

The personalized driving service, Uber, is the model for many of these new businesses and has grown exponentially since its beginning in 2009.  Will we “uberize” food and farming?  What would that look like?  It certainly wouldn’t be a straight-line projection from the past.  The food system today is highly centralized and controlled by a few major corporations.  In a recent report, Oxfam International stated that only 10 companies control nearly every familiar grocery store brand.


In spite of the popularity of local food, less than 1% of American farm products are sold directly from farmer to consumer.  But in a period of rapid change, it might not be so far fetched to imagine a decentralized production and distribution system, connected through technology.  I’ve written about this in a previous blog that examined the concept of a Food Commons. While not exactly Uber, the Food Commons would be a national network of localized food systems and includes the food hubs that are already growing rapidly in many parts of the country.

When we ask the question “where will the agricultural college graduates work in the future” these two visions for American agriculture provide different answers.  In the world in which a few corporations control the food supply there is not much opportunity for young, passionate and intelligent entrepreneurs.  But in the vision presented by the Food Commons, well we might just need 50 million farmers!

But we will need much more.  We need lots of experiments in new and creative approaches to growing, delivering and preparing high quality food.   We need food entrepreneurs to lead us to a more sustainable food system.

What do you think?  Where are the opportunities?  Please share your thoughts in the Comments Box below.

And if you are looking for good work, check out this page: Good Work!



2 thoughts on “Are their jobs for college graduates in sustainable agriculture?”

  1. I am happy to find a program for sustainable agriculture and am deciding (as a middle lifer), if a certificate or degree would be better. I currently partner with a company providing aeroponic growing systems and this past month business increased 90 percent as people are home and looking for food security, but also food safety , and a project the family can all get around. Already we had seen increases in interest in a more sustainable way to garden. Hmm….my wheels are turning! Great thoughts!


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